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Types of industrial automation robots with higher safety level

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Industrial robots are five primary types: cartesian, SCARA, cylindrical, delta, polar or vertical. There are, however, several other types of robots. Each of these types has a different setup. The articulations are called axes.

Top 5 Primary Robot types

1.Delta Robots

How does it work?

A delta robot has three arms attached to the universally connected joints at the base of a parallel robot. In contrast to Stewart, which can change the orientation of their end effector, the principal design feature is the use of parallelograms in the arms which maintain the orientation of the terminal effector.


where to use it?

In the picking and packaging of plants, delta robots are popular because they are quite quick, with some running up to 300 picks a minute.

via Gfycat

2.Cylindrical Robots

How does it work?

The primary arm of the cylindrical robots is upwards and downwards. The robotic arm is made up of a cylinder that extends and retracts this motion. The rotation is produced by gears and engines in many of these cylindrical roBotic models and the vertical motion is generated by a pneumatic cylinder.

Cylindrical robots use a three-dimensional coordinate system that uses the selected reference axis and its relative distance for point position determination. Positions are also defined using the distance from a selected reference direction, the relative direction of the axis and the distance from the selected reference plane perpendicular to the axis.


How does it work?

Articulated robots have a base called a vertical to the ground, and a revolving joint which rotates along its axis is connected to the waist on its upper body. A revolving joint perpendicular to the waist joint also links the waist. This connection between the tail and the connection is called the robot shoulder and the connection could be called arm. A revolving joint parallel to the shoulder joint connects one more link with the arm. This arm joints the articulated robot's elbow. The last link is finished with a wrist and a gripper. The articulated robot structure with three revolutionary joints is very similar to the human arm.

via Gfycat

where to use it?

They are mainly used for pick-and-place, welding, and spray paint applications in electrical and electronics,production industries as well as the automotive industry.


Engineering behind SCARA ?

The structure of the SCARA consists of two arms at the base and arms 1 and 2. For SCARA's X-Y movement, two separate motors are operating reverse film and interpolating on joints J1 and J2. The ultimate X-Y position at the end of the 2nd arm is the J1 angle, J2 angle, 1 arm long and 2 arm length.

via Gfycat

where to use it?

For smaller robotic assembly applications, SCARA robots are a popular alternative. For Selective Compliance Articulated Robot Arm, SCARA is an acronym that is consistent in the X-Y axis and rigid in the Z-axis. The SCARA setup is unique and has been developed to handle a variety of operations.

5.Cartesian Robots

Initially, a cartesian system is one which is moving in three cartesian coordinates in orthogonal axes - X , Y and Z.

A cartesian robot is made into a robot because the axes execute coordinated movement via a common motion controller.

The axis of a cartesian robot consists of some form of linear actuation, whether it is purchased by an OEM or the end user of a linear guide and driven component as a pre-assembly system.

via Gfycat

What is the purpose of a Cartesian robot?

An industrial robot with three main axes of control is linear in angle to each other and can be defined as Cartesian robot. They are able to carry high payloads with their rigid structure. They can perform certain tasks such as selecting and positioning, loading and unloading, handling of materials, etc.

Article Edited by | Jhon H |

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